Members of the Religious Society of Friends migrated from the Carolinas to southern Grant County, Indiana, in the late 1820's where they settled along both sides of a creek. Having come from a local meeting in North Carolina called Back Creek, they named the creek and their new home Meeting, Back Creek. Worship began here in 1829 and the Meeting was established in 1838. Presently it is the oldest worship group of any denomination in the county.
As education was important to the early Quaker settlers, school was held in the original meetinghouse. In 1874 the Meeting built a two-story brick school that was used by Friends children. In 1883 Back Creek helped establish the Fairmount Friends Academy.
Between 1839 and 1893 Back Creek hosted the June Quarterly Meeting. Attendance grew to an estimated 10,000 people. It took six to eight out-of-door pulpits to accommodate all who wanted to preach. Many races were run with horses and buggies up and down the road beside the grounds.
The present meetinghouse was constructed in 1899. An annex containing a pastor's study / library, classrooms, fellowship hall, and rest rooms was dedicated in October of 1997.